Huoshan Huangya (霍山黄芽, Huò Shān Huáng Yá) also called Huo Shan Yellow Bud is a kind of Chinese yellow tea. It is native to Huoshan County, Anhui Province.
Huoshan Huangya is a historical famous tea and a specialty in Huoshan County. This famous tea once disappeared and was later recreated with the efforts of tea experts and local tea farmers.
In December 2006, Huoshan Huangya was granted the title of National Geographic Indications Protect of China.
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History of Huoshan Huangya
Since the Western Han Dynasty (202 BC-8 AD), people in Houshan County began to grow tea trees.
According to <The Classic of Tea> written by Lu Yu in the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD), the name “Huoshan Huangya” has appeared. At that time, the emperor sent 3,000 soldiers to protect the tea garden in Houshan County.
In the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the processing technology of Huoshan Huangya has become regular and mature. Huoshan Huangya was enjoyed by the royal family as a tribute tea.
In the early 20th century, with the outbreak of war, the production of Huoshan Huangya stopped. After the founding of New China, with the support of the government, tea production in Houshan County has developed rapidly.
In order to explore the historical famous yellow tea and resume its production, a group of tea experts was organized to investigate the tea area of Houshan County.
Under the joint research of the tea experts and the local tea farmers, Huoshan Huangya was finally recreated in 1973, which was highly praised after being put on the market.
In 2007, Huoshan Huangya has been listed in the intangible cultural heritage list.
In 2008, Huoshan Huangya was regarded as “Olympic tea”, which was designated as a special gift tea for foreign athletes embassies in Beijing Olympic.
So far, there are more than 4,00 tea enterprises in Huoshan County, with an annual yield of 6,300 tons of tea, which are exported to more than 30 countries and regions in Europe and the United States.
Characteristics of Huoshan Huangya
Huangya means “yellow bud”. Huoshan Huangya is made from 100% of fresh buds, so it is a high-quality yellow tea.
Huoshan County has a humid monsoon climate in the north subtropical zone, with no heat in summer and no extreme cold in winter. It has a mountainous landform with an altitude of 500-800 meters. The soil of it is fertile and the water source is sufficient, which is suitable for the growth of tea trees.
According to its quality, Huoshan Huangya can be classified into four grades. The higher the grade, the better the color and the stronger the fragrance.
The shape of the dried Huoshan Huangya is straight and flat, covered with a layer of white hairs. Its color is yellow-green. After brewing, the tea liquid is clear and yellow. It tastes fresh and has a sweet aftertaste.
The fragrance of Huoshan Huangya usually includes fresh fragrance, flower fragrance, or chestnut fragrance.
Benefits of Huoshan Huangya
Huoshan Huangya is rich in tea polyphenols, amino acids, vitamins, and trace elements.
Benefits of Huoshan Huangya: