Yingde black tea (英德红茶, Yīng Dé Hóng Chá) is a kind of Chinese black tea. It is native to the Yingde City of Guangdong Province. Yingde black tea is a specialty of Yingde City and is a national geographic indication product of China.
Yingde black tea was created in 1959. It is made from a new variety of tea tree that was cultivated from Yunnan large-leaf tea tree.
Table of Contents
- History of Yingde Black Tea
- Growth Environment of Yingde Black Tea
- Characteristics of Yingde Black Tea
- Benefits of Yingde Black Tea
History of Yingde Black Tea
Yingde City is an ancient area with a long history of tea production. The tea history of Yingde City can be traced back to the Tang Dynasty (618-907) more than 1,200 years ago.
In the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the tea produced in Yingde City had become a tribute tea of the imperial court. In the Qing Dynasty (1636-1912), the production of Yingde tea had been popularized among the people and flourished in the international trade in the first half of the 19th century.
In 1956, under the direction of the local government, Yingde City started to establish a black tea production base and successfully created the Yingde black tea in 1959. This is why many Yingde black tea on the market will be labeled “1959”.
After the appearance of Yingde black tea, it was well-received at home and abroad. In 2010, Yingde black tea got the “National Geographic Indication Trademark”.
Growth Environment of Yingde Black Tea
The tea species of Yingde black tea are new varieties improved and cultivated from other tea trees, such as Yunnan large-leaf tea, Phoenix Shui Xian tea, etc. Yingde black tea has a high demand for its growing environment.
The whole area of Yingde City belongs to the South Asian monsoon. The biological climate has transitional characteristics. It is warm and rainy and has neither severe cold nor extremely hot.
The soil conditions here are superior, mainly including red soil and yellow soil, with rich organic matters and nitrogen, which is very suitable for the growth of Yingde black tea.
Characteristics of Yingde Black Tea
The shape of the Yingde black tea is thin and curled. Its color is yellow-brown. After brewing, the tea liquid has a strong floral fragrance and its color is bright and yellow-red.
There are many varieties of Yingde black tea, the most famous is Yinghong No.9, which is not only the name of the tea tree, but also the name of black tea, and also the name of the tea brand.
Yinghong No.9 is cultivated in the 20th. Because it has the highest quality, Yinghong No.9 is the most famous Yingde black tea. The characteristics of Yinghong No.9 are strong and mellow. One gram of Yinghong No.9 can be made into 500ml of tea liquid.
Benefits of Yingde Black Tea
The content of tea polyphenols, theaflavins, thearubins, and amino acids in Yingde black tea all reach the international level of high-quality black tea. It also contains many kinds of vitamins and trace elements. These chemical components have many healthy effects.
The local people often use Yingde black tea to cook porridge, which has the effects of helping digestion, clearing heat, and treating cold.
Benefits of Yingde black tea: