Yunwu tea (云雾茶, Yún Wù Chá) also called Cloud and Mist tea is a kind of Chinese green tea. Yun means “cloud” and Wu means “mist”.
The reason it is called Yunwu tea is that the tea trees grow in the mountains at high altitudes covered with clouds and mist. The climate here is mild and humid, and the soil is rich in organic substances, which is suitable for the growth of tea.
Yunwu tea is famous for its green color, mellow taste, and beautiful appearance. Its shape is tight, thin, and curled.
Many different Yunwu teas are originating from different mountains in China. Here are the famous Yunwu teas:
- Lushan Yunwu Tea
- Yingshan Yunwu Tea
- Yuntaishan Yunwu Tea
- Guiding Yunwu Tea
- Laoshan Yunwu Tea
- Wuyishan Yunwu Tea
- Putuoshan Yunwu Tea
The Chinese pinyin “Shan” above means “mountain”. Lushan means “Lu Mountain”.
Lushan Yunwu Tea
Lushan Yunwu tea was originally a kind of wild tea. Later, a famous monk reformed the wild tea into a cultivated tea.
Lushan Yunwu tea appeared in the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220) and was regarded as a tribute tea in the Song Dynasty (960-1279). It is named after the Lushan located in Jiangxi Province. Lushan is a national 5A scenic spot, with an altitude of 1,484 meters, and is one of the top 10 famous Chinese mountains.
Lushan has a long history of growing tea trees. During the Eastern Han Dynasty, Buddhism was introduced into China. At that time, there were more than 300 Buddhist temples in Lushan, where monks gathered. They climbed dangerous cliffs and planted tea trees.
Until the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Lushan was more famous and began to produce Lushan tea in large quantities and soon became famous all over the country.
In 1982, Lushan Yunwu tea ranked first in the evaluation of 21 kinds of teas in Jiangxi Province. In the same year, Lushan Yunwu tea was designated as a famous tea in the evaluation of all Chinese teas.
The fresh tea leaves of Lushan Yunwu tea have a long growth period, so it has a high content of beneficial ingredients. The contents of theophylline and vitamin C are higher than that of other teas.
Yingshan Yunwu Tea
Yingshan Yunwu tea is a specialty of Yingshan County of Hubei Province and it is a national geographical indication product of China. It has obvious characteristics of strong fragrance, mellow taste and can be brewed many times.
Yingshan County is at the foot of the Dabie Mountains, which is a national 4A level scenic spot and national geological park. From the Tang Dynasty (618-907), the local residents began to plant tea trees. Today, tea has become one of the main commodities in Yingshan County.
The tea trees of Yingshan Yunwu tea grow in the mountain with the highest altitude of 1,777 meters. The climate of the mountain is tropical and humid monsoon, with abundant rainfall, which is very suitable for the growth of tea trees.
Yuntaishan Yunwu Tea
Yuntaishan Yunwu tea is a famous traditional Chinese tea. It is native to Yuntaishan located in the Lianyungang City of Jiangsu Province. So Yuntaishan Yunwu tea is also called Lianyungang Yunwu tea.
The content of catechins and caffeine in Yuntaishan Yunwu tea is higher than that of other teas, which is an important factor for the strong taste of Yuntaishan Yunwu Tea.
Yuntaishan Yunwu tea appeared in the Jin Dynasty (265-420) and was regarded as a tribute tea in the Song Dynasty (960-1279). In 1980, Yuntaishan Yunwu tea was regarded as one of the top 4 famous teas in Jiangsu Province.
Yuntaishan is near the Yellow Sea, with a warm and humid climate. It is covered with clouds, mist, and fresh air, which make a superior growth environment for the tea trees.
Guiding Yunwu Tea
Guiding Yunwu tea, also known as Bird King tea, is a traditional Chinese tea, which is native to the Guiding County of Guizhou Province.
Guiding County has a history of more than 2,000 years of tea planting. Guiding Yunwu tea has a history of more than 600 years as a tribute tea. Its tribute tea history is recorded in the historical records of the Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties.
Guiding Yunwu tea is sold to more than ten countries and regions, such as Germany, Japan, Hong Kong, etc. In 1993, the Chinese government used it as a gift tea for foreign guests.
Laoshan Yunwu Tea
Laoshan is located in Nanjing City, the capital of Jiangsu Province. Laoshan is adjacent to Laoshan National Forest Park and has been favored by scholars since the Tang Dynasty.
The local tea farmers have a tradition of planting tea trees. Laoshan Yunwu tea is directly picked from the top of the mountain. It has high quality with bright color and mellow taste.
Wuyishan Yunwu Tea
Wuyishan is located in Fujian Province. The highest altitude of Wuyishan is 2,158 meters, with a subtropical climate and mild temperature. The tea trees are moisturized by streams all year round. This natural environment creates a special quality of Wuyishan Yunwu tea. In addition, many oolong teas are native to Wuyishan.
Putuoshan Yunwu Tea
Putuoshan Yunwu tea is also called Putuoshan Yunwu Buddha tea. It is a special product of the Zhoushan City of Zhejiang Province and is also a national agricultural product geographical indication of China. Putuoshan has a title called “Tea Mountain” because it is rich in tea.
The production of Putuoshan Yunwu tea has a long history. It was planted in the Tang Dynasty more than 1,000 years ago. During the Guangxu period of the Qing Dynasty (1875-1908), Putuoshan Yunwu tea was regarded as a tribute tea.